Blood Pressure

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High blood pressure can damage our blood vessels and cause chronic diseases.

What exactly is blood pressure?

The blood vessels in our bodies build a widely branched and flexible system, in which the heart functions as the central pumping station. Through our arteries, oxygen- and nutrient-rich blood flows from the heart to our different organs. Through our veins, the oxygen-and nutrient rich blood flows from our organs back to our heart. In this context, a certain pressure in the blood vessels’ circulation is necessary so that the blood can also reach tiny blood vessels in parts of the body farther away from the heart.

Blood pressure is not a stable value, but rather varies depending on the cardiovascular system’s activity. Thus, our blood pressure is always lower at rest than during exercise. The ideal blood pressure is defined as a value of about 120/80 mmHG, whereas the first number represents the systolic value (measured near the end of the cardiac cycle when the ventricles are contracting) and the second number represents the diastolic value (measured near the beginning of the cardiac cycle when the ventricles are filled with blood).

Is high blood pressure a common disease?

Yes. As a matter of fact, every fourth Austrian citizen has high blood pressure. In old age, even every second person suffers from it. Yet, most of the people affected are not aware of this problem and wrongly believe to have a normal blood pressure. It is easy to measure one’s own blood pressure at home or to have it measured at a doctor‘s office or pharmacy.

How does high blood pressure affect my health?

When a patient’s blood pressure rises to 140/90 mmHG or above, we speak of an “arterial hypertension“. In case of constantly high blood pressure, the body’s blood vessels will be damaged faster than necessary. The following consequences can occur due to high blood pressure: heart attack, stroke, kidney damage, visual impairment or mental impairment. If a person has a normal or low blood pressure, the blood vessels are able to stay elastic and permeable. Thus, the lower the blood pressure is, the more vital a person is in old age.

What to do when my blood pressure rises?

Different measures can help reduce high blood pressure in the long term. Many people are able to normalize their blood pressure through a change in lifestyle (e.g. weight reduction, less stress, a healthy and balanced nutrition, non-smoking and sports). In certain cases, a medical therapy is advisable in order to reduce high blood pressure and the risk of resulting diseases. G.L. Pharma provides a number of safe and effective drugs for the treatment of hypertensive patients. Ask your doctor for further information about a suitable therapy.

Further information: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Hypertensiologie  

Reference : Österreichische Gesellschaft für Hypertensiologie: